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Guide of Madrid


Madrid, apart from being the capital of Spain, is much more. The course of history in this city has left an architectural, artistic and cultural legacy of great importance. It is a vibrant and modern city as well as traditional and welcoming. It is also known for its great nightlife. There is no day of the week that you will not find a place to go for tapas or go dancing until late.
 
Its strategic location, right in the middle of the peninsula, makes this city ideal for travel to other parts of Spain in no time. In "Puerta del Sol" square is the kilometer 0 and, from this city begin the roads and the rail network of Spain.

City full of beautiful places, you'll be amazed by the life on the streets and the jovial character of people from Madrid. Despite being a city with more than 3,000,000 million inhabitants, not counting the suburbs, and more than twice as many tourists, you'll be amazed by the friendly and hospitable character of its inhabitants.

Be captivated by a city that is much more than the economic and political center of the country and place of residence of the Kings. It is the city where began the Spanish tendency in art and music of the 80s, with the famous "Movida Madrileña". It is the city with the most important museums and works of art in Spain. And above all, is a welcoming city that will make you feel welcome and will make you want to go back again.
 


 
 We recommend


 Shopping

 Gastronomy

 Nightlife

 Our tip

 How to get there

 Useful Information

 Where to sleep





We recommend


Madrid of the Bourbons (Neighborhood of Salamanca)


This neighborhood can be defined as the most luxurious of Madrid as is where all the shops of the most important firms are, as well as the most expensive homes. We recommend that you take a good walk along the streets such as Calle Serra, Velazquez and Claudio Coello. In this vast area you can enjoy the following sites: Retiro Park, Royal Botanic Gardens, Cibeles Square and Colón square, Puerta de Alcalá, Jeronimo’s Church, Prado Musuem, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Reina Sofia Museum, National Library, Wax museum, Buenavista Palace, the Archeological Museum, Lazaro Galdiano Museum and Decorative Arts Museum.



Prado Museum


This museum is one of the most important in the world. You can discover more than 8,000 works of art from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century. For example, some of the artists that you can enjoy are: Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Bosch, Murillo, Zurbaran, Sorolla, Botticelli, Tiepolo, Rubens, Rembrandt and many more. Among the paintings on display we would like to stand out:

• Las Meninas( Maids of Honour) and La Maja Desnuda(The Naked Maja), Velázquez
• The Shootings of May 3rd and The Colossus, Goya
• The Knight of the hand on the chest and the Adoration of the Shepherds, Greco
• The Annunciation by Fra Angelico
• Nastagio degli Onesti, Botticelli
• The Descent from the Cross, Van Der Weyden
• The crowning with thorns, Van Dyck
• Garden of Delights and The Adoration of the Magi, The Bosco
• The Three Graces and The Adoration of the Kings, Rubens
• Children on the beach, Joaquin Sorolla
• The Last Supper, Juan de Juanes
• The abduction of Helen, Tintoretto
• Artemis, Rembrandt
• Christ Falling on the Way to Calvary, Rafael
• Bodegón (Still life), Zurbarán
• Parnassus, Poussin

More information: www.museodelprado.es


El Retiro Park


In Madrid of the Bourbons do not miss walking through this park of over 1.500 trees in the middle of the city center. It was created as pary of a palace commissioned by Philip IV. From this palace remain only the Retiro Park, Casona de Buen Retiro and the Army Museum. The park has a lake where you can rent a boat to get around it.

Opening hours

Winter: 6:00 to 22:00H
Summer: 6:00 to 24:00H

Madrid of the Austrians or the Habsburgs (Nieghborhood of the Austrians)


This neighborhood is very large and centrally located. It owes its name to the time when the Habsburg dynasty reigned in Spain. These enriched architecturally Madrid with beautiful palaces and monuments. To this must be added the development that the city suffered when Philip II made it the capital of Spain. From all this time remains a beautiful legacy of Renaissance and Baroque style buildings. Among the places to visit include: The Royal Palace, Puerta del Sol, Royal Theatre, El Arco de Cuchilleros(the Arch of Cutlers), Plaza Mayor, the Basilica of San Miguel, the Almudena Cathedral, Encarnación  Monastery, Descalzas Reales Monastery, the Cisneros House at City Hall, Plaza de la Villa, the Collegiate Church of San Isidro and the Palace of Santa Cruz.

Cathedral of Santa Maria la Real de la Almudena and the Royal Palace


In the Madrid of the Habsburgs we wanted to make special mention of the architectural ensemble of the Almudena Cathedral and the Royal Palace. This architectural complex and the surrounding gardens become a beautiful postcard of the city of Madrid. The Cathedral is of recent construction since construction began in the late nineteenth century by order of the Marquis of Cuba, and ended in 1993. The Palace was built by order of Philip V in the eighteenth century. It is now a museum of his collection of paintings, musical instruments and armory.



El  Rastro flea Market


If your visit falls on a Sunday morning this market is a must. Centrally located between the Plaza Mayor, La Latina and La Puerta de Toledo is one of the largest outdoor markets of Europe. In it you can find all kinds of products; clothing, souvenirs, food, books, crafts, antiques, etc... Best of all is the atmosphere in the streets full of people from both Madrid and outside. When you finish strolling and shopping in El Rastro we suggest you go to restaurants, pubs and bars around, to drink  a beer and eat some tapas with the locals.

Others


North


If you have time we recommend a walk along the Paseo de la Castellana from Nuevos Ministerios to Plaza de Castilla. You can enjoy visiting the Santiago Bernabeu State and enjoy the view of all the Picasso, Europe and BBVA towers and the Puerta de Europa.

South


Caixaforum
Museum of Science and Technology
Vicente Calderon Stadium
Atocha Station
Slaughterhouse Madrid (now a center of culture and leisure)
“ Cuesta Moyano” Bookstores.


East


Plaza de Toros de las Ventas (bullring) and  the Taurine Museum

West


Debod Temple
Plaza de España and monument to Cervantes
Casa de Campo Park
Palace of Liria
La Rosaleda Gardens
Chapel of San Antonio de la Florida


Shopping


In the center of Madrid you will find all kinds of stores around Sol square and surrounding areas. The largest shopping street is Gran Via.  In this and the surrounding streets you will find all kinds of national and international shops. Whatever your taste or needs are, you can find anything from clothing and footwear to more traditional products. Similarly, in any neighborhood you can find anything you need. If you have budget and you like luxury, we recommend the district of Salamanca. In several streets you can find the most luxurious brand shops in what is called “La Milla de Oro "(the Golden Mile).

The Shopping centers in the city of Madrid are:

Centro Comercial Príncipe Pío
Paseo de la Florida, 2
28008 Madrid
Opening Hours:
Monday to Saturday: from 10:00 to 22:00H
Sundays and Bank Holidays: from 11:00 to 22:00H
Metro: Line 6 and 10 (Ramal Opera - Principe Pio)

Centro Comercial ABC Serrano
Calle Serrano, 61
28006 Madrid
Opening Hours:
Monday to Saturday: from 10:00 to 21:00H
Sundays and Bank Holidays: from 12:00 to 22:00H
Metro: Line 5 (Rubén Darío)

On the other hand, if you prefer going shopping to the markets, we recommend the following two:

Mercado de las Maravillas
C/ Bravo Murillo 122.
Metro: Cuatro caminos (Line 1 ,2 or 6) or Alvarado
http://www.mercadomaravillas.eu

This is the largest municipal market in Europe. The building, a former wallpaper factory, was designed in 1933 by architect Pedro de Muruguza. Here you will find more than 200 stalls with all kinds of products: greengrocers, butchers, fishmongers, general food stores, perfumeries, lottery, spices, jewelry, cleaning, stationery, lingerie, clothing and footwear stores, hairdressers, and many more.

Mercado de San Miguel
Plaza San Miguel, S/N
Metro: Ópera (Line 2 or 5) Sol (Line 1,2 or 3)
www.mercadodesanmiguel.es

This building of 1916 is a clear example of the architecture of Iron in the city of Madrid and has become worthy of being declared "Asset of Cultural Interest". Today this building is a market where it is sold glamorous chic details, gourmet food and delicatessen.



Gastronomy


By mentioning the cuisine of Madrid it must be also associated with "tapas". In any neighborhood you can go to taste "tapas", where La Latina is the most popular neighborhood. If you want a quick bite, be sure to try the typical squid sandwich with mayonnaise. On the other hand, if you prefer to sit in a restaurant we would recommend as starter dishes such as: “cocido madrileño (Madrid stew),callos a la madrileña ( pork tripe) or sopa de ajo (garlic soup). It should not be put aside the delicious meat and, surprisingly the fish. Due to its strategic location, Madrid has the second largest fish market in Spain. For the same reason also in Madrid, you can taste the cuisine of any region in Spain as well as any wine. Finally you can try some waffles sold in stalls in the streets or taste the “bartolillos” (sweet made of flour and butter with pastry cream filling) or “torrijas” (fried and coated in egg bread, dipped in wine or milk, and seasoned with cinnamon sugar or honey)



Nightlife


In Madrid, in any neighborhood you go, you will find nightlife. This city is full of life at night and different places to go, no matter what your musical tastes are. Among the most popular neighborhoods we would like to stand out:


Lavapies

Located in the south of the center of Madrid, it is the most international district of Madrid where you can find anything from exotic to the most traditional bars and restaurants.  In it you will find pubs with all kinds of music, and some alternative music venue.

Sol- La Latina

This neighborhood is very popular and is one of the largest in Madrid, thefore you will have a wide range of sites to choose. Here you can find tapas bars or, restaurants where you can haver dinner. Also you can find from modern to traditional, both in decor and music, pubs. It draws the attention of this zone that is crowded of people on Sunday evenings.


Malasaña

In this neighborhood you will find streets full of people eager to have fun. The music is varied, but most often it is played rock style music in most of the places. This area is located around the "Plaza Dos de Mayo" and is the birthplace of the famous "Movida Madrileña" "of the '80s.

Chueca

Pretty close to Malasaña, this is the gay district of Madrid. In it, you'll find a modern and cosmopolitan neighborhood and plenty of fun. Do not miss the Gay Pride Day on 28th June, this day is when the neighborhood is livelier than ever.

Huertas

This area, also very central, has a large number of bars and nightclubs. In most of the places commercial music is played and, these are much frequented by foreigners. You can also enjoy live music venues, chic coffees, and restaurants which offer all types of world cuisine.

Salamanca

This could be defined as the snobby neighborhood; have ready your wallet if you decide to go there. Also,  you might find some celebrity or footballer, as is the disctrict where they usually go out.




Our tip


• In Madrid there are many bridges, most of which has a historical value. If you have time why not make a route to visit them? If you travel in spring this could be very nice.
• The recommended places to eat squid snacks are bars around the Plaza Mayor.
• In summer it gets very hot so if you want to cool off in Madrid there are many swimmingpools where you can take a dip.
• Near Madrid there are many places worth visiting. One is Alcalá de Henares and this was declared by Unesco "World Heritage City”. The city is very close, at only about 31 kilometers, and has connections on both rail and bus.



How to get there


By train


From Madrid you can travel to anywhere in Spain and many places in Portugal and France.

The two main stations are:

Atocha
Glorieta Carlos V s/n
28045- Madrid
Tlf.: 902240202


It is the most important station in Spain and has a great historic and commercial value. It has suburban lines, medium and long-distance and high speed lines.

This corresponds to the metro line 1 and has numerous buses departing to all parts of the city.

Chamartín
C/ Agustín de Foxa, s/n.
28036- Madrid
Tlf.: 902240202

In addition to suburban lines, medium and long distance, from this station trains also depart to France and Portugal.

It also has metro stations on lines 1 and 10 and intercity buses.



More information on train schedules: www.renfe.es

By plane

Barajas Airport is located at 12 km from Madrid. From this airport there are connections to most parts of the world.

The approximate cost of a taxi is 40 Euros.

There are other ways to get to the airport:

By Metro

Line 8( Nuevos ministerios-T4)

This line goes to all terminals and the cost is 3 euros for a single ticket.

By bus

Airport Express Bus

This bus operates 24 hours a day and has a frequency of 15 minutes during the daytime and 35 minutes at night. The stops in the city are O'Donell, Cibeles and Atocha. The cost is € 2 per trip.

More information: www.emtmadrid.es/lineaAeropuerto/index.html

There are also the following intercity lines:

Line 101 from Canillejas (T1, T2, T3).
Line 200 from Avenida de America (T1, T2, T4).
Intercity line 822 Coslada -airport (T1, T2, T3).
Intercity line 827- Tres Cantos-Metro de Canillejas (T4).
Intercity line 828 Universidad Autónoma - Recintos Feriales (T4)

By bus


The two major bus stations in Madrid are:

Estación Sur de Madrid
Address: Méndez Alvaro, 83.
Metro: Méndez Álvaro (L6).
Phone: (+34) 91 468 42 00.

This is the busiest station in Madrid. From this station you can go to many destinations in Spain and many European countries and even Morocco.

Companies operating on this station are:

Alsa, Socibus and Auto- res

Estación de Avenida de América
Address Avenida de América, 9.
Metro: Avenida de América (L4, L6, L7, L9). 

From this bus station depart buses to domestic destinations.

Companies operating on this station are:

Continental-Auto and Alsa

There is another station but of less importance to those already mentioned:

Estación de Conde de Casal
Fernández Shaw, 1.
Phone: 91 551 56 01
Metro: Conde de Casal



Useful Information


Language


Spanish

Climate


Madrid has a continental climate, i.e. extreme temperatures in summer but cold and relatively short winters. In winter there can be frosts and temperatures below 0 º. In summer it can be reached over 35 °. It is also a city characterized by being sunny and dry. Rainfall is concentrated in spring and autumn.



Public Holidays


In Spain


1 and 6 January
Good Friday
19 March
1 May
15 August
12 October
1 November
6, 8 and 25 December

Public Holidays in Madrid


Holy Thursday
May 2 (Day of the Community of Madrid)
May 15 (San Isidro)
November 9 (Almudena festival)

Tourist Offices


Tourist Offices of the Community of Madrid:

Duque de Medinaceli
Duque de Medinaceli 2.
Madrid
Tel.: (+34)91 429 49 51
Fax: (+34)91 429 37 05

Estación Puerta de Atocha
Vestíbulo de Puerta de Atocha
Madrid
Tel.: (+34)91 315 99 76
Fax: (+34)91 530 79 55

Estación de Chamartín
Vestíbulo central, puerta 16
Madrid
Tel.: (+34)91 315 99 76
Fax: (+34)91 323 79 51

Opening hours
Monday to Saturday from 8 to 20 hours
Sundays, from 9 to 14 hours
Public holidays from 9 to 14 pm except: 1st May, 25 December and 1 January
turismo@madrid.org
www.turismomadrid.es

Tourist Office of the municipality of Madrid:

Centro de Turismo de Madrid
Pza. Mayor, 27.
Tel.: (+34)91 588 16 36
Fax: (+34)91 480 20 41

Centro de Turismo de Colón
Pza. de Colón (Antiguo paso subterráneo)

Opening Hours:
Monday to Sunday and public holidays from 9.30 to 20.30
turismo@munimadrid.es
www.esmadrid.es

Post office

In all the neighborhoods you'll find a post office. The most centrally located are:


PASEO DEL PRADO, 1
28014 MADRID
MADRID
Tel.: 915230694
Fax: 915239222
Opening hours
Monday to Friday from 08:30 to 21:30 H
Saturdays from 08:30 to 14:00 H


CASTELLANA, 67
28046 MADRID
MADRID
Tel.: 915978143
Fax: 915330412
Opening hours
Monday to Friday from 08:30 to 14:30 H

ALBURQUERQUE, 2
28010 MADRID (MADRID)
Tel.: 914457767
Fax: 915930293
Opening hours
Monday to Friday from 08:30 to 20:30 H
Saturdays from 09:30 to 13:00 H


Emergency Telephone Numbers


Fire Brigade: 080
Road conditions: (+34)900 12 35 05
General emergency: 112
Duty chemist: 098
Local police: 092
National police: 091
Serious medical emergency: 061



Where to sleep




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